Mileage walls, garland stone, precious ring, the walls have always been the symbol of Bergamo, and now they’ve been included in the Proposal List of the UNESCO World Heritage, along with many other defensive structures in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro.
The proposed heritage is called “The Venetian works of defence between 15th and 17th centuries”. The list comprehends the fortified city of Bergamo, the defensive system of Peschiera del Garda, the city fortress of Palmanova and the defensive system of the Venetian Lagoon, including the Fort of Sant’Andrea, the Fortified Octagons and the Fort of San Felice. The site extends for more than 1.000 km from the Pre Alps of Lombardy to the Eastern coast of the Adriatic, in the area between the western outpost (Bergamo, Italy) and the Bay of Kotor (Montenegro). Between the Stato di Terra (State of Land: Lombard-Venetian) and the Stato di Mare (State of Sea: Croatia, Montenegro), this unique and ancient enclave bears nowadays significant examples of the Venetian fortifications, important testimony of the interaction among peoples and, more in general, of the culture expressed by Venice in the world.
A milestone in the history of Bergamo was its incorporation into the Venetian State in 1428, which lasted for over three centuries and a half. The interventions brought about in this period produced a major impact on the town’s plan. After 30 years of intense work the walls were completed and extended for more than 5000 meters, encircling most of the high city following a north-west south-east sloping (from 438 to 250 meters) and accessible through four urban doors. Bergamo represented the more western urban outpost of the inland domain, therefore Venice decided to strengthen the existing fortifications in order to defend the commercial routes along the trans-alpines commercial routes leading to the centre of Europe and to preserve the arms and artifacts trafficking between the iron mines of Bergamo and the Arsenal of Venice.